What this guide is about:
Image Credit: Luther vor Cajetan kolorierter Holzschnitt 1557
This webpage provides links to reliable online information about Reformation characters for the class HIST/RELH 321. You will find well-researched and trustworthy encyclopedia articles, videos, ebooks, and websites. These links are good for an introduction to each character. More information is available through the library in books and articles. If you need help, ask your librarian or professor anytime.

Image credit: Luther vor Cajetan kolorierter Holzschnitt (1557).
Conrad Grebel

Conrad Grebel. Artist's concept painted by Oliver Wendell Schenk, 1972. Image courtesy of Laurelville Mennonite Church Center.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article
  2. Anabaptist-Mennonite Encyclopedia article on Grebel. 
  3. "Conrad Grebel drew crowds in Switzerland," article by Dan Graves for Christianity.com. Published May 2007.
  4. Text of a letter from Grebel to other church leaders, which describes his views on faith and Christianity. Particularly interesting is his paragraph about how singing in church is unbiblical. 
Elizabeth Tudor

Elizabeth I, oil on panel attributed to George Gower, c. 1588.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. History Channel video of Elizabeth I fast facts (3 minutes).
  3. British Royal Family website page on Elizabeth I. 
  4. Interactive timeline by the BBC that walks through Elizabeth's life and reign.
Henry Tudor

Henry VIII, oil on wood by Hans Holbein the Younger, c. 1534–36; in the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid.
  1. Encyclopedia Brittanica article.
  2. Encyclopedia article in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia.
  3. British National Archives online collection of articles about Henry VIII as well as digitized copies of documents and portraits created at the time he was alive. 
  4. "The Bible Translator Who Shook Henry VIII," by Dr. Donald Dean Smeeton. Published in Christian History Magazine in 1987, now available on the Christian History Institute website.
Jane Grey

Lady Jane Grey, undated engraving by W. Holl. The Print Collector/Heritage-Images/Imagestate.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article
  2. "Lady Jane's Proclamation," article by Dan Graves for Christianity.com. Published June 2007.
  3. New World Encyclopedia article about Lady Jane Grey.
  4. This is a virtual tour of important places from Lady Jane Grey's life, with stories about her accompanying pictures. The tour was created by The History Press, a publishing house for academic books.
  5. "Lady Jane Grey, England's forgotten Queen," a blog post by the British Library about Lady Grey and an upcoming BBC miniseries about her. The trailer for the miniseries is available.  
Jeanne d' Albret

Portrait in charcoal and sanguine on paper of Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre. Recueil. Portraits dessinés de la Cour de France, 1565.
  1. Project Continua Encyclopedia article about Jeanne d'Albret.
  2. "Reformed Royalty: The Strength of Queen Jeanne d'Albret" by Marilyn B. Manzer. Published by the Center for Reformed Theology and Apologetics, 2010. 
  3. "Reformation Women: Jeanne D’Albre" by Rebecca VanDoodewaard. This article was published by Tabletalk Magazine in December 2017.
  4. "Jeanne d'Albret's Penalties," article by Dan Graves for Christianity.com. Published May 2007.
Johann Tetzel

Johann Tetzel, engraving by N. Brühl after a contemporary portrait. Archiv für Kunst und Geschichte, Berlin.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. Encyclopedia article in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia.
  3. "Lineage Journey" YouTube episode (5 minutes) about Tetzel, Luther, and the 95 Theses, by the North England Conference of SDA.
  4. "Reformation 500: Johann Tetzel" article and Reformation timeline, by Concordia Seminary in St. Louis.
John Calvin

John Calvin. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (Digital File Number: cph 3b19375).
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. Encyclopedia article in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia.
  3. "Lineage Journey" YouTube three-episode playlist (approx 15 minutes) about Calvin, by the North England Conference of SDA.
  4. Calvin College article about their namesake, John Calvin. See the end of the article for a great "suggested readings" list.
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Subject Specialist
Picture: Katy Van Arsdale

Katy Van Arsdale
Special Collections Librarian
Tel: 965-6244

Katharina von Bora

Portrait of Katharina von Bora by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1528. Oil on panel.
  1. "Katharina von Bora Luther," a blog post by Dr. Jack Gilcrease on the Lutheran church website celebrating 500 years of Reformation. Published December 20, 2016.
  2. "The Characters: Luther's Wife," a page on PBS.org about Katharina von Bora.
  3. "Giving Credit to Katharina von Bora (Katie Luther, First Lady of the Reformation)," an article by Dr. Ruth A. Tucker, written for Zondervan Academic. Published March 29, 2017.
  4. "'An Enigmatic Woman?' How Katharina von Bora has been reinvented through time." Historian Gabriele Jancke studies how Martin Luther’s wife has been perceived over the past 500 years. Published by the University of Berlin on December 19, 2016.
Mary Tudor

Portrait of Mary, circa 1554, by Antonis Mor. Museo del Prado Catalog no. P02108 [2].
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article
  2. Encyclopedia article in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia. 
  3. "Ridley and Latimer Light a Candle," YouTube episode (5.5 minutes) about Queen Mary, by the North England Conference of SDA. 
  4. "Eight Things You May Not Know about Mary I," by the History Channel. Published May, 2016.
Menno Simons

Menno Simons, engraving by Christopher van Sichem, 1605–08. Courtesy of the Mennonite Library and Archives, North Newton, Kansas.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. Encyclopedia article on Mennonites, which discusses Menno Simons' role in establishing the church. Published in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia.
  3. Magazine article and timeline about the life of Menno Simons, from Christianity Today.
  4. Video overview (8 minutes) of the life of Menno Simons, created by a professor of Historical Theology at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary.
Michael Sattler

Michael Sattler. Drawing by Ivan Moon, no date.
  1. Excerpt from Mennonites in Europe, a book published in 1995.
  2. Anabaptist-Mennonite Encyclopedia article on Sattler.
  3. Photographs and translation of the plaque found at Michael Sattler's memorial near Rottenburg, at the place where he was burned at the stake.
  4. A devotional about the life of Michael Sattler and his wife, found on BibleGateway.com. Published on April 19, 2013.
Philipp Melanchthon

Philipp Melanchthon, engraving by Albrecht Dürer, 1526. Kuperstichkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin—Preussischer Kulturbesitz.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. Encyclopedia article in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia.
  3. "Who are the Reformers?" YouTube episode (5 minutes) about Melanchthon, by Westminster Seminary of California.
  4. "Melanchthon, the Number Two," article by Dr. Diane Severance for Christianity.com. Published April 28, 2010.
Ulrich Zwingli


Zwingli, detail of an oil portrait by Hans Asper, 1531; in the Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switz. Courtesy of the Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switz.; photograph, Schweizerisches Institut für Kunstwissenschaft.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. Encyclopedia article in New Advent, a Catholic encyclopedia.
  3. "Lineage Journey" YouTube episode (5 minutes) about Zwingli, by the North England Conference of SDA.
  4. Christianity Today Magazine article.
William Tyndale

William Tyndale, Protestant reformer and Bible translator. Portrait from Foxe's Book of Martyrs.
  1. Encyclopedia Britannica article.
  2. "William Tyndale" YouTube episode (5.5 minutes) about Tyndale, by the North England Conference of SDA.
  3. View a copy and read about William Tyndale's New Testament in the British Library.
  4. "A Hero for the Information Age," an article about Tyndale that was printed in The Economist magazine on December 18, 2008.